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Why are there so many fingerings for some notes?

In case of the maker's recorder fingering charts, the first fingering is always the standard. The others are alternates. All these fingerings are recommendations from the recorder maker. First use the standard fingering. If the standard is not in tune or if you need a fingering for a fast slur try an alternate.

For the English, German, Ganassi, and Renaissance fingerings I have included all the fingerings known to me. Here also the first fingering is the standard. It can be used basically on every recorder. Only in the case where the produced tone is not stable or not in tune should you try an alternate fingering. Experiment and use a tuning device to find the best fingering for your recorder.

These alternate fingerings are also needed in specific situations. For example, a fast sequence of notes where the standard fingering is not applicable because it is to slow.

Also for piano or forte notes the alternate fingerings are helpful. A piano note will sound flat due to the reduced air pressure, a forte note will sound sharp. You have to use an alternate fingering for the correct balance. You have to test and experiment here as well. The result might be different for each recorder.

Some fingerings in my charts show a comment. This can help you to find out for what purpose this fingering is good for. If your tone is to sharp look for a fingering with the comment "flat" or "forte" and if it is flat, look for "sharp" or "piano". The charts for Piano-Forte-Fingerings are therefore another source for alternate fingerings.

Questions & Answers
FingMany (Upd 2020-04-13) - 74.36-22.08.2019